The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) was enacted by the U.S. Congress in 1996. Title II of HIPAA requires the establishment of national standards for electronic health care transactions and national identifiers for providers, health insurance plans, and employers. It also addresses the security and privacy of health data.
For more information on HIPAA, please refer to the HIPAA/FERPA section of the Medicaid Handbook.
Overview of HIPAA as per CMS
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA or the Buckley Amendment) is a federal law codified at 20 U.S.C. §1232g (with implementing regulations in CFR 34, part 99). The regulations provide that educational agencies and institutions receiving funding under a program administered by the U. S. Department of Education must provide students with access to their education records, and some control over the disclosure of information from the records. Schools must have a student's consent prior to the disclosure of educational records. FERPA is more restrictive than HIPAA, therefore, districts/counties that are FERPA compliant are also HIPAA compliant.
For more information on FERPA, please refer to the HIPAA/FERPA section of theMedicaid Handbook.
Overview of FERPA as per the Federal Department of Education